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门窗人需要注意哪些安全设计?
来源: 2018-09-20 17:38:37
1.门窗铝型材壁厚要求
1. wall thickness requirements for aluminium alloy doors and windows
窗用铝型材壁厚符合现行国家标准高精度级,受力构件更小壁厚≥1.4mm。
The thickness of the aluminum profile for windows is in line with the current national standard, and the minimum wall thickness of the load bearing components is more than 1.4mm.
1、门窗受力杆件(如推拉窗的光勾企、中柱、带亮下滑、带亮上滑、双边锋等)必须经过进行严格抗压计算,型材作为受力杆件时,其型材壁厚应根据使用条件,通过计算选定。铝合金门窗受力构件应经试验或计算确定。
1. Structural members of doors and windows (such as light hook, middle column, bright sliding, bright sliding, bilateral front, etc.) must undergo strict compressive calculation. When profiles are used as stressed members, the thickness of profiles should be selected according to the use conditions through calculation. The force components of aluminum alloy doors and windows should be determined by tests or calculations.
2.门窗玻璃安全设计
2. safety design for windows and doors glass
(1)玻璃的选择:玻璃厚度经计算确定,并不宜小于5mm。建筑下列部位的门窗必须采用安全玻璃(钢化玻璃或夹层玻璃):
(1) glass selection: glass thickness is determined by calculation and should not be less than 5mm. Safety glass (tempered glass or laminated glass) must be used for building windows and doors below.
(a)7层及7层以上建筑外开窗;
(a) open windows outside 7 and 7 floors.
(b)面积大于1.5㎡的窗玻璃;
(b) window glass with an area larger than 1.5 mm;
(c)玻璃底边离更终装修面小于500mm的落地窗;
(c) the bottom of the glass is less than 500mm from the final decoration surface.
(d)与水平夹角小于75°倾斜屋顶且距室内地面大于3m的倾斜窗;
(d) inclined windows with a horizontal angle less than 75 degrees and a sloping roof with a distance from indoor to 3m.

(e)玻璃面积大于0.5㎡的有框玻璃门;

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(E) framed glass doors with a glass area greater than 0.5 mm;
(f)无框玻璃门应采用厚度不小于10mm的钢化玻璃。
(f) frameless glass doors shall be tempered glass with a thickness of not less than 10mm.
(2)玻璃与槽口搭接量和其它配合尺寸应符合《铝合金窗》(GB/T8479)中表5和表6的规定。
(2) The overlap between glass and groove and other matching sizes shall conform to the provisions of Tables 5 and 6 in "Aluminum Alloy Window" (GB/T8479).
(3)玻璃与铝合金框槽应采用橡胶垫片柔性接触。
(3) glass and aluminum alloy frame grooves should be made of rubber gaskets for flexible contact.
(4)玻璃应进行机械磨边处理,磨轮的目数应在180目以上。
(4) glass should be mechanically edging, and the number of grinding wheels should be above 180 mesh.
3.五金配件的选择和设计。
3. selection and design of hardware accessories.
(1)在选用五金配件时,尽量选择质量有保证的产品,五金配件的质量等级应与门窗的质量等级相一致,五金配件的结构、形状应与型材相吻合,色彩协调美观、功能正确、操作灵活、安装方便。
(1) When choosing hardware fittings, try to choose products with guaranteed quality. The quality grade of hardware fittings should be consistent with the quality grade of doors and windows. The structure and shape of hardware fittings should be consistent with the profile. The color coordination is beautiful, the function is correct, the operation is flexible and the installation is convenient.
(2)五金配件安装应齐全、规范、牢靠、位置准确。安装后,门窗外形美观、开启灵活方便、不得有变形、阻碍和碰撞。
(2) installation of hardware fittings should be complete, standard, reliable and accurate. After installation, the doors and windows have beautiful appearance, flexible and convenient opening, no deformation, obstruction and collision.
(3)五金配件的外露紧固件应优先选用不锈钢制品。
(3) stainless steel products should be preferred for exposed fasteners of hardware fittings.
(4)平开门窗和尺寸大的推拉门窗关闭时应采用多锁点,否则在负压差作用下气密性将大大降低,考虑到操作方便,更好使用多锁点执手或传动器
(4) Multi-lock points should be used when opening doors and windows and large-sized push-pull doors and windows, otherwise the air tightness will be greatly reduced under the action of negative pressure difference. Considering the convenience of operation, it is better to use multi-lock point handles or drives.
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